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Wednesday, 20/06/2018, 4:09:53 PM
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Measles


Measles

Also called : Rubeola
 
Cause : A virus . It is an infectious disease and spreads from person to person.

Symptoms of measles : ( appear after 10 to 12 days after exposure to virus .) They include
  • Itchy skin rash
  • Fever
  • Dry Cough
  • Runny nose
  • Conjunctivitis (pink eye)
  • Tiny red spots with bluish-white centers inside the mouth on the inner lining of the cheek(Koplik’s spots)
Complications : The disease lasts for 10 to 15 days approximately . The complications of this disease includes the following
  • Ear infection
  • Encephalitis
  • Pneumonia
  • Dirrhoea or vomiting
  • Bronchitis , laryngitis
  • Pregnancy problems
  • Thrombocytopenia(low platelet count)
Diagnosis :
       Provisional diagnosis is made on the basis of the symptoms like skin rash and Koplik's spots . To confirm this diagnosis blood samole testing is done .

Treatment/Prevension :
       There is no treatment for measles, but the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine can prevent it.

How to know if you need the MMR vaccine?

You don’t need to be vaccinated if you:

  • Had 2 doses of the vaccine after 12 months of age or one dose of the vaccine plus a second dose of measles vaccine
  • If you are immune to measles, mumps and rubella( know form the blood test reports)
  • Are a man who is above 50 years
  • Woman who is above 50 years don’t plan to have any more children

You should be vaccinated if you don’t fit the criteria listed above and you:

  • Are a nonpregnant woman of childbearing age
  • Attend places like college, school etc.
  • Work in a hospital, medical facility, child care center or school
  • Plan to travel overseas
The vaccine is not recommended for:

  • Pregnant woman or women who plan to get pregnant within the next four weeks
  • People who have had a life-threatening allergic reaction to gelatin or the antibiotic neomycin

 

© 2018 by Partha Sarathi(Director)